Most Intelligent Dog in the World - Border ...

Most Intelligent Dog in the World - ...

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Most Intelligent Dog in the World - Border Collie The Border Collie is a herding dog breed developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region for herding livestock, especially sheep. It is the most widespr...
Most Intelligent Dog in the World - Border Collie The Border Collie
is a herding dog breed developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region
for herding livestock, especially sheep. It is the most widespread
of the collie breeds.[citation needed]
Typically extremely
energetic, acrobatic, and athletic, they frequently compete with
great success in dog sports, in addition to their success in
sheepdog trials, and are often cited as the most intelligent of all
dogs. In January 2011, a Border Collie was reported to have learned
1,022 words, and acts consequently to human citation of those
words.
The Border Collie is descended from landrace collies, a type
found widely in the British Isles. The name for the breed came from
its probable place of origin along the Scottish English borders.
Mention of the Collie or Colley type first appeared toward the end
of the 19th century, although the word collie is older than this and
has its origin in Lowland Scots dialects. Many of the best Border
Collies today can be traced back to a dog known as Old Hemp.
In
1915, James Reid, Secretary of the International Sheep Dog Society
(ISDS) in the United Kingdom first used the term Border Collie to
distinguish those dogs registered by the ISDS from the Kennel Clubs
Collie (or Scotch Collie, including the Rough Collie and Smooth
Collie) which originally came from the same working stock but had
developed a different, standardised appearance following
introduction to the show ring in 1860 and mixture with other
breeds.
In the late 1890s James Lilico (1861--1945) of
Christchurch, New Zealand, imported a number of working dogs from
the United Kingdom. These included Hindhope Jed, a black, tan and
white born in Hindhope, Scotland in 1895, as well as Maudie, Moss of
Ancrum, Ness and Old Bob.
In general, Border Collies are
medium-sized dogs without extreme physical characteristics and with
a moderate amount of coat, which is often thick and frequently
sheds. Their double coats vary from slick to lush, and come in many
colors, although black and white is the most common. Black tricolour
(black/tan/white or sable and white), red (chocolate) and white, and
red tricolour (red/tan/white) also occur regularly, with other
colours such as blue, lilac, red merle, blue merle, brindle, and
Australian red/gold seen less frequently. Border Collies may also
have single-colour coats.
Eye colour varies from deep brown to
amber or blue, and occasionally eyes of differing colour occur.
(This is usually seen with merles). The ears of the Border Collie
are also variable — some have fully erect ears, some fully dropped
ears, and others semi-erect ears (similar to those of the rough
Collie or sighthounds). Although working Border Collie handlers
sometimes have superstitions about the appearance of their dogs
(handlers may avoid mostly white dogs due to the unfounded idea that
sheep will not respect a white or almost all white dog), in general
a dogs appearance is considered by the American Border Collie
Association to be irrelevant. It is considered much more useful to
identify a working Border Collie by its attitude and ability than by
its looks.
Dogs bred for showing are more homogeneous in appearance
than working Border Collies, since to win in conformation showing
they must conform closely to breed club standards that are specific
on many points of the structure, coat, and colour. Kennel clubs
specify, for example, that the Border Collie must have a keen and
intelligent expression, and that the preferred eye colour is dark
brown. In deference to the dogs working origin, scars and broken
teeth received in the line of duty are not to be counted against a
Border Collie in the show ring.
Height at withers Males from 19 to
22 in (48 to 56 cm), females from 18 to 21 in (46 to 53 cm).
Tags:  Most  Intelligent  Dog  in  the  World  -  Border  Collie  
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